Caffeine to Hummingbird: An Upgrade to Google Search Algorithm!

Google Hummingbird is the New Search Algorithm
Most of the internet users have no idea about how the search engine works. The system that a search engine applies to find the relevant results among millions of websites is called Search Algorithm. Whether you will find an appropriate result from a search depends on the algorithm. With a powerful Search Algorithm, Google is the top search engine of the world. And recently a new search algorithm, called Hummingbird, has been launched by the search giant. 

Septermber 26, 1998. The starting of Google. And just yesterday, Google celebrated their 15th Birthday. This birthday was not a mere celebration actually. Moreover it comes with an annoucement of major change in Google Search Engine Algorithm. It's been 3 years since Google made a major change in their search algorithm named as Caffeine. And the new one, Hummingbird, has been lunched one month ago. 

Amit Singhal, senior vice president of search, said on Thursday- the company launched its latest "Hummingbird" algorithm about a month ago and that it currently affects 90 percent of worldwide searches via Google.

What's New in Hummingbird? 

  • Capable of handling large and complex queries
  • Precise and Faster Processing of Queries
  • Focus on the meaning behind the query words
  • Pay more attention to earch word in a query
  • Consider the relevance of the pages rather than focusing on the page rank only. 
  • Improved converstional search (People When Speaking Searches) 

These are all I've been able to gather about Hummingbird. Because, Google didn't inform much about it. I've collected those information from different websites. Let's discuss some other issues: 

What about Pagerank? 

Most of you know that pagerank indicates the overall quality of a site. But in Google search, pagerank is not everything. There are more than 200 search signals used by Google to sort search results. And pagerank is one of them. 

Hummingbird considers pagerank too. But it emphasizes on the relevance of the query. If the search query matches your contents, no matter who you are and what is your ranking, you will be the in the first page. And that's how Marks PC Solution competes with storng sites even with a page rank 0. 

Is there any Feature of Caffeine? 

Sure! Some parts of old search algorithm is still being used by Hummingbird. It just changes the unncessary parts and adds some new. But nobody can guarantee about the old parts. Because they could be changed anytime if Google finds something better. 

What Happened to Updates like Penguine, Panda etc?

From time to time, Google updated their algorithm. Sometimes they added new tools like penguine, panda etc. Some of them are being cosidered as the parts of old engine in a new engine. I mean, these were not changed entierly. 

What about SEO

As the search algorithm changes, SEO experts and site developers may think of change in ther optimization techniques. Though Google assures that no change is necessary. It said there is nothing to worry about SEO. 

But I personally don't believe this. Definitely the new algorithm will affect the search appearance of a site either positively or negatively. 

So far I know, Hummingbird doesn't hamper the search result position of Marks PC Solution. My suggestion is- Increase your Google+ Sharings. Grow your followers in Google Plus if you'd like to be favoured by Google! 

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Touchscreens Used with Smartphones

iPhone 5, Samsung S4, Windows Phone 8, Samsung Galaxy Tab

Basically this is a knowledge based article. It can just enrich your knowledge about display technology. And I think you will enjoy this. I'll try to provide you a brief idea about the screen technology used by the leading cell phone manufacturers. 

By this time you should know there are different types of display technologies such as LCD, LED, TFT, Retina etc. But how many of you know the details of each type? To be honest, I didn't have much idea about these before reading an article in a newspaper. Then I decided to write about smartphone screens on Marks PC Solution. I've also gathered information on display technology from different sites. 

TFT LCD Display (Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Display)

This is the most widely used display technology at present. TFT LCD technology ensures the clear view. It is better than old LCD technology to view High Quality pictures and video. 

This type of display is relatively cheaper. So it can be used in low-priced phones too. 

But this technology has some limitations too. You can't operate your phone in sunlight. Your display will be almost unseen when you're in daylight. And this type of display consumes too much battery. You should keep the display off as much time as possible. 

IPS LCD Display (In-Plane Switching LCD)

IPS LCD is better than TFT LCD Display Technology. No matter how you wanna see it. You can get a clear view from any angle. It doesn't consume much power. That's why it saves your battery power. 

Manufacturing cost is little bit higher and used with medium-priced cell phones. 

Resistive Touchscreen Display (Don't Call it RTS!)

I've searched Google by RTS. Actually it has no short form. You should call it Resistive Touchscreen Display. 

In this technology, there are two layers in the screen. And there is a minor gap between the two layers. Whenever the first layer get your touch, the blank space between two layers blends and pressure the second layer. Immediately the processor gets signal. Thus Resistive Display Technology works. 

You can operate the phone using fingers or stylus. But using a stylus will be more comfortable. 

Capacitive Touchscreen Display

If you wanna operate your phone with fingers then capacitive display is more comfortable than resistive display. As made for operating with fingers, you can't use stylus or something else to work with capacitive display. 

This display ensures fast response time. Manufacturing cost is also high. This display is used with high-priced smartphones. 

OLED Display (Organic Light Emitting Diode) 

Most of you maybe familiar with only LED - Light Emitting Diode. More than a year ago, I wrote a post about the difference between LCD and LED. OLED is the improved version of LED technology. 

OLED is a high quality display technology for cell phones and monitors. It gives you a bright look. This type of display is very light and viewing angle is excellent. It supports 16 million colors and reponse time is very short. 

OLED display consumes less power and thus it saves your battery. 

AMOLED Display (Active Matrix LED)

Active Matrix OLED is a display technology that is used with mobile devices and televisions. It is actually an improved version of OLED. 

One of the great features of this display is the viewing capacity in sunlight. Users can see the screen in daylight without any problem. AMOLED ensures vivid picture with super sensitive screen. 

As the manufacturing cost is relatively higher, this type of display is used with high end mobile devices. 

Super AMOLED Display

Next to the AMOLED is Super AMOLED. It is nothing but the improved version of AMOLED developed by Samsung. This technology is used with the galaxy series devices. 

Super AMOLED includes the following features:

  • Light and thin
  • Vivid Display
  • Faster Reponsive Capacity
  • Less Power Consuming

Retina Display 

The most modern version of smartphone screen is the Retina Display, which is a combination of IPS LCD and Backlit LED technology. As developed by Apple, this type of display is only used with iPhone. 

It is a so high resolution display that you can't see the pixels with blank eyes. That's why it is named as Retina Display. 

Retina Display is very sharp, vivid and clear. 

Heptic Touchscreen Dispay

Nokia and BlackBerry are using this type of display technology. This display is capable of identifying the touch accurately. Thus it enables users to work with touchscreen comfortably. 

This display is reliable, comfortable and great for typing. And it's very popular among the users. 

Gorilla Glass Display

Maybe you can guess something about this display. Yes you're right. This display is made for rough and tough use. 

Gorilla Glass is very hard and durable display. It keeps your display out of scratch. Even it can protect the screen from hammer. Many cell phone manufacturers are now using Gorilla Glass in their devices. 

Here I've just discussed about 10 types of displays. And these have many variations. If you'd like to know more then search Wikipedia.

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HTML Tutorial 6: Basic Elements of An HTML Form (Part 2)

In my previous post, I discussed about HTML form (Part 1). Same topic will be continued today and this is the Part 2. In part 1 you've learned creating Text Fields, Password Field, Radio Buttons and Checkboxes. In this post you will learn how to create Submit Button and Drop Down Menu. 

You should open Notepad from your PC to practice this lesson. Then save the html code with .htm or .html extension and then open the saved file with a browser to see the result. Let's begin: 

Drop Down Menu:

Let me begin with creating a drop down menu. This is very interesting as well as easy to create! 

Which one is your Favorite Cell Phone Brand? 

You must begin with the <select> tag and end with </select tag>. And every option of the list should start with <option> tag. Then you can type anything as you want. If you type the above text, your browser will show: 

Which one is your Favorite Cell Phone Brand? 

Submit Button:

Submit button is used to send data to the server. After filling up the form, an user need to confirm the email and submit it. 

<input type=submit> denotes a submit button. 

A simple submit button is very easy to create. You just need to write the following code: 

<input type=submit>

That's it. Now your browser will show:

It can be used as:

Username<input type=text>
<input type=submit>


Don't Misunderstand! 

You may think you've already learned creating a submit button. Not at all! We've skipped something! Where the submitted data will be sent? We didn't provide any server link. Let's complete the lesson: 

You should use the following code to create a complete submit button: 

<form name="input" action="" method="get">

Username: <input type=text>
<input type=submit>
And your browser will show:

Now if someone hits the submit button, the data will be sent to the server specified in the action attribute (Here: 

Putting these elements altogether, hopefully you will be able to create a simple HTML form.  

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HTML Tutorial 5: Basic Elements on An HTML Form (Part 1)

Basic Elements on An HTML From

Few months ago, I started writing about HTML. There are already 4 tutorials published on HTML. I know this is not sufficient for an HTML learner. Because learning HTML requires much resources and practice. However I will try to write about HTML whenever I'm able to manage time. 

You can also read the previously published HTML Tutorial:

Today's HTML tutorial is very easy, funny and useful. Today I will discuss about the basic elements of an HTML form. This is the part 1 that includes Text Fields, Password Field, Radio Buttons & Checkboxes. 

How to Start: 

You can practice using notepad. Press Start + R > Type Notepad > Enter. Now copy or type the code from here. And save them as form.htm or use any other name. But the name should end with either .htm or .html. Then open the file in a browser. 

Let's begin - 

Usually an HTML form contains input elements like text fields, checkboxes, radio buttons, submit buttons etc. To create an HTML form you must use the <form> tag. Look at the structure below:


input elements


Though you skip the <form> tag, modern browsers can identify your form. But this is a basic rule for creating html forms. So you should start with <form> and end with </form>. 

Text Fields:

<input type="text"> indicates a one-line input field to enter text. 

First name: <input type=text><br>
Last name: <input type=text>
The result will be as below: 

First name:

Last name:
Note: <br> tag is used to create line break. Otherwise both fields will appear in a single line. The default width of a text field is 20 character. You can increase it as below: 

<form>Name: <input type=text size = 40><form>

The result will be: 


Password Field:

<input type="password"> defines a password field. Whenever someone types in a password field, the characters are shown as circles. 

Password: <input type=password>

The result will be: 


Radio Buttons:

<input type="radio"> refers to a radio button. Radio button allows user to choose a single item. After selecting an item, you can change it. But once selected, you can't undone it. 

<form>Which one do you like most?<input type=radio name=Mobile>Nokia<br><input type=radio name=Mobile>Samsung<br><input type=radio name=Mobile>Apple</form>

You will get:  

Which one do you like most?





<input type="checkbox"> defines a checkbox. Somewhat similar to radio buttons. But here an user can choose multiple items. And he can deselect the item any time! 


What is your Favorite Browser?

<input type=checkbox>Google Chrome<br>
<input type=checkbox>Firefox<br>
<input type=checkbox>Internet Explorer<br>
<input type=checkbox>Opera<br>
<input type=checkbox>Other<br>
Your browser will show: 

What is your Favorite Browser?

Google Chrome


Internet Explorer



These are some important elements of an HTML form. There are few other elements remaining. I will try to write about those elements in the next post. And then I'll put these all together and show you how to prepare an HTML form. Till then, stay with us . . . 

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Google Unit & Currency Converter

Search Page Currency & Unit Converter by Google

The general idea about Google is it's a search engine. Though many people are familiar with the different services of Google, but only few of them know how to use Google smartly. Yeah! I mean it . . .

Maybe you know about how to use Google as Calculator. Google also gives you the interface of a scientific calculator if you type scientific calculator in the search box. I've written some posts about these topics. If you're not familiar with these, you can read . . . 

Today I'm gonna show two more tips of Google! You can use Google as Converter. Google let you convert currency and unit. 

Unit Converter: 

You can convert from one unit to another by Google Unit Converter
  1. Simply open Google Home Page
  2. Type Unit Converter and press Enter
  3. Immediately you will get a conversion interface at the top of search results

First you have to choose a category. Let's consider Speed. Then choose Miles/hour from the left box and Km/hour from the right box. Type 100 in the Mile box and get 160.934 Km as result! 

Search Page Unit Converter by Google

Currency Converter: 

Google also let you convert from one currency to another. You can convert Euro into Dollar or Dollar into Pound. The procedure is same as Unit Conversion.
  1. Open Google Home Page 
  2. Type Currency Converter and press Enter
  3. Get the converter immediately

Search Page Currency Converter by Google

There are two options to choose currencies. Let's choose US Dollar in the first box. And Euro in the next. Type 1 in the dollar box and get 0.76 as result in the Euro box. 

You should notice the conversion rate at the top. 1 US Dollar Equals to 0.76 Euro. This conversion process is alive. Rates may change frequently. 

Google tries to provide you the most recent rate. But it can't guarantee the accuracy of the exchange rate. 

You can also read Currency Conversion Disclaimer


By the way, I'm having trouble to use the currency converter and unit converter. Don't know for how long time this problem will prevail. When I'm searching by Unit or Currency Converter, even calculator, only search results appear. There is no converter or calculator!
However you can use this tool to convert currency. This is also very cool!


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Microsoft is Gonna Acquire NOKIA !!!

Nokia will be sold to Microsoft

Only a few years ago, NOKIA was the number one cell phone manufacturer. But current situation is really frustrating. Due to the growing competition in the market, lack of innovation, changing nature of the people, Nokia's Market Share is now at the bottom. In this situation, Microsoft has agreed to purchase the business of Nokia. 

The boards of directors of Nokia and Microsoft have decided to enter into a transaction. Microsoft will purchase all of Nokia's Devices & Services business, patents, license and mapping services. 

Nokia will get € 3.79 billion (Equivalent to $ 4.98 billion) for its Devices & Services business. And € 1.65 billion (Equivalent to $ 2.17 billion) will be paid by Microsoft to license Nokia's patents. That means, Microsoft is to pay € 5.44 billion ($ 7.14 billion) in cash to buy Nokia. Microsoft will draw upon its overseas cash resources to fund the transaction. The transaction will be made in the first quarter of 2014 and subject to shareholders' and regulators' approval. 

Stephen Elop, the CEO of Nokia, is expected to join Microsoft with Jo Harlow, Juha Putkiranta, Timo Toikkanen and Chris Weber at the closing of the transaction. At closing, 32,000 people are expected to be transferred to Microsoft, including 4,700 in Finland and 18,300 employees directly involved in manufacturing, assembly and packaging worldwide. 

Win-Win Situation for All

This transaction will generate a win-win situation for employees, shareholders and consumers of both companies. 

Nokia's Benefit

Nokia has a very little chance to recover its reputation and position in the market. It's almost out of competition. Innovative devices from Samsung and Apple will hardly allow Nokia's products to compete in the market. But Lumia, operated by Windows 8 OS, has a chance to compete with Apple and Samsung Devices. When Microsoft will acquire all of Nokia's Smart Phones including Lumia, definitely the devices will be much improved. Thus it could be a good come back for Nokia. 

Microsoft's Benefit

Two decades ago, Apple was beaten by Microsoft in Personal Computer Business. Due to the huge popularity of Windows, Apple Computers were not preferred by the users. But the scenario has changed with the passage of time. 

Now people like mobile devices like cell phones and tablets. Most of the PC users are no longer interested to purchase desktop PCs. They are switching to Samsung's Galaxy Tabs and Apple's i Pads  Consequently the sale of Windows OS falls dramatically. Microsoft's new OS, Windows 8, was not sold as expected. 

To retain market share, Microsoft should focus on mobile devices. Following this theory, Microsoft has introduced its first tablet device - Surface. Earlier, Microsoft also produces Windows phones but they were not successful. 

Surface Pro with Windows 8 and Office 365

When Microsoft failed with Mobile Devices again and again, it decides to purchase Nokia. 

Good News for the Fans

This is a good news for the fans of both companies. Because Nokia lovers will get more innovative products. And Microsoft users will get better mobile devices. And I personally believe, Microsoft and Nokia together, will produce good devices and provide better services to the valued customers. 

This transaction is considered as a business strategy for both companies. Both companies have a chance to come back in the market. As the PC market is down, Microsoft must grab the tablet market. And due to the huge competition and changing tastes of the people, Nokia must go for the innovation. So, there is no alternative to change. This acquisition is the demand of time. 

What next? Wait and see - what the two do next . . . 

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